A resident of Oregon may purchase or otherwise obtain a rifle or shotgun in a neighboring (contiguous) state (California, Idaho, Nevada or Washington) and receive in or transport into Oregon such rifle or shotgun, unless the purchase or transfer violates Oregon law, laws of the state in which the purchase or transfer is made or United States laws.
It is unlawful to sell, deliver or transfer any firearm to:
- A minor under the age of 18;
- A convicted felon whose civil rights have not been restored;
- A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor involving violence and found guilty, except for insanity, within the previous four years;
- A person listed in the Health Division Registry;
- A person who has been committed to the Dept. of Human Services;
- A person who has any outstanding felony warrants for arrest;
- A person who is free on any form of pre-trial release for a felony.
All dealers, pawnbrokers or otherwise: Must keep a record of every handgun sold. This record must contain the time, date and place of the sale or trade; the name of the salesperson making the sale or trade; and the make, model and manufacturer’s number on the handgun. A copy of the record must be mailed to the local police and state police on the day of the sale for a record check. A gun dealer shall request by telephone that the Dept. of State Police conduct a criminal history record check on the purchaser. The Dept. of State Police shall immediately or by return call determine whether the purchaser is qualified to complete the purchase.
The purchaser: Must sign his/her name and affix his/her address to the register, provide thumbprints and present clear evidence of his/her identity.
Gun shows: Any person who transfers a firearm at a gun show is required to request a criminal background check before completing the transfer.
All other transfers: Any person who transfers a firearm at any location other than a gun show may voluntarily request a criminal background check before completing the transfer.
Transfers to minors: To temporarily transfer any firearm to a minor for any lawful purpose, including hunting and target shooting, it is necessary to have consent from a parent, guardian or other person.
As of August 9, 2015 a background check is required for all person to person gun sales. This background check must be conducted by a federally licensed firearms dealer (FFL). Both the transferor and transferee must bring the firearm to the FFL, who is allowed to charge a reasonable fee, and have the background check conducted in order to complete the sale. The only exception to this would be if the transferor and transferee reside over 40 miles from each other, the transferor may ship or deliver the firearm to a FFL located near the transferee or a FFL designated by the transferee, and the transferor need not appear before the gun dealer in person.
If you are transferring your firearm to one of the following people, you are exempt from this requirement:
- A law enforcement agency
- A law enforcement officer
- A private security professional
A member of the Armed Forces of the United States (while that person is acting within the scope of official duties)
Additionally, several family members are exempt from this background check requirement. These exemptions include:
- Your spouse or domestic partner
- Your parent or stepparent
- Your child or stepchild
- Your sibling
- Your grandparent
- Your grandchild
- Your aunt or uncle
- Your first cousin
- Your niece or nephew
- Or the spouse or domestic partner of a person listed above
In the event that a transfer occurs due to the death of a firearm owner the executor of the estate may transfer a firearm to any of the exceptions listed above as they qualify to the deceased firearms owner.
Permits: there are no permits for possessing shotguns, rifles or handguns in Oregon.
For all firearms, one must possess a license to carry a concealed weapon upon the person or concealed about the person in a vehicle. Firearms carried openly in belt holsters are not considered to be concealed.
Exceptions to the above prohibitions are:
- Persons possessing a handgun at their home or place of business;
- Organizations that are authorized by law to purchase or receive weapons from the United States;
- Police officers and law enforcement personnel, whether active or honorably retired;
- Military personnel when on active or reserve duty;
- Members of a shooting club while at a range or going to and from a range;
- Licensed hunters or fishermen while engaged in hunting or fishing or going to and from a hunting or fishing expedition;
- Merchants transporting or possessing firearms as merchandise;
- Duly authorized military or civil organizations while parading or traveling to a meeting of their organization;
- Corrections officer while transporting convict.
County- and city-specific regulations on open carry
The following locations prohibit non-licensed open carry of loaded firearms in public places:
- Astoria, OR
- Beaverton, OR
- Independence, OR
- Newport, OR
- Oregon City, OR
- Portland, OR
- Salem, OR
- Tigard, OR
- Multnomah County
Concealed carry licensing
Applications are made to the sheriff of a county, who shall take fingerprints and photograph and shall issue the person within 45 days of application a concealed handgun license. The license is valid for four years. All counties require applicants to set an appointment with the county sheriff. All applicants must provide two pieces of identification, one of which has a photo such as a driver’s license and the other proving residency in the county of the application. Licenses are valid for four years and then must be renewed. New applicants must have proof of handgun safety competency through an NRA course or other acceptable training course. Requirements of concealed carry licenses:
- A citizen of the U.S. or a legal resident alien who can document continuous residency in the county for at least six months and has declared in writing to the Immigration and Naturalization Service the intent to acquire citizenship status and can present proof of the written declaration to the sheriff at the time of application for the license;
- At least 21 years of age;
- Is a principal resident in the county in which the application is made;
- Has no outstanding warrants for arrest;
- Is not free on any form of pre-trial release;
- Demonstrates competence with a handgun by one of the prescribed handgun safety programs, or can certify training in the armed forces, or has a license already;
- Has never been convicted or found guilty of a felony, except for insanity;
- Has not been convicted of or found guilty, except for insanity, of a misdemeanor, within the last four years;
- Has not been committed to the Mental Health and Developmental Disability services Division;
- Has not been found mentally ill and is not subject to an order that the person be prohibited from purchasing or possessing a firearm;
- Has been discharged from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for more than four years if, while a minor, the person was found to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for having committed an act, if committed by an adult, would constitute a felony or a misdemeanor involving violence;
- Has not been cited for stalking, or under a protective order.
- Renewal: $50
- of State Police for taking fingerprints: $15
- Duplication of a license because of loss or change of address: $15
It is lawful to possess a machine gun provided it is:
- Registered in conformity with federal law;
- The person has in the person’s immediate possession documentation showing that the machine gun, short-barreled rifle, short-barreled shotgun or firearms silencer is registered under federal law.
It is unlawful to:
- Possess a loaded firearm in a snowmobile;
- Set any loaded spring gun, except for the purpose of destroying gophers, moles or other burrowing rodents;
- Intentionally change, alter, remove or obliterate the serial number or identification number on any handgun. Possession of a handgun with its marks altered, removed or obliterated creates a legal presumption that the possessor committed the offense;
- Discharge any firearm or air rifle upon or across any public road or railway right of way or upon or across the ocean shores within the state recreation areas;
- Purposefully point any loaded or empty firearm toward any other person within the weapon’s range except in self-defense;
- Possess a firearm, loaded or unloaded, in a public building. “Public building” means:
- Capitol building;
- Public or private school;
- College or university;
- City hall;
- Residence of any state official;
- The grounds adjacent to each such building.